Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Using PRTG SNMPv3 Monitoring Juniper SRX 240H Alarm andTemperature

One of our SRX240H is having temperature problem. Whenever the temperature reached 50 Celsius degree, system alarm will be on. Alarm email should be sent out when temperature reached threshold 50. SRX itself seems not able to send alarm email out based on this discussion. NSM or other SNMP tools may help in this situation.

PRTG is using to monitor our network devices and it works great with SNMPv3. My previous post has described how to monitor SRX's CPU, Memory, Flow Sessions etc. Alarm status and Temperature is another sensor I am looking for to monitor. There are couple of ways to do it. You can use NSM to send alarm email, firewall itself to send snmp traps to your SNMP server, or Network Monitoring Tools to pull SNMP OID values then send email. In my case, PRTG is preferred way to monitor system status and send alarming email based on the requirement.

Step 1: SNMPv3 on SRX


set snmp v3 usm local-engine user SRXAES authentication-md5 authentication-password Test1234
set snmp v3 usm local-engine user SRXAES privacy-aes128 privacy-password Test12345
set snmp engine-id local 4716
set snmp view view_all oid 1 include
set snmp filter-duplicates
set snmp health-monitor

set snmp location "<location>"
set snmp contact "<contact name>"
set snmp community <community-name> authorization read-only
set snmp community <community-name> clients <snmp-host>
set snmp community <community-name> clients 0.0.0.0/0 restrict



Note: A generic local engine-id must be configured. Otherwise (e.g. when the MAC is used) SNMPv3 will not work in cluster configurations. After configuring the engine-id, committing the configuration might be required because the engine-id is involved in the key generation below.

To make NSM work with SRX, location and contact should not be set. Else, after the configuration imported into NSM, when you push policy from NSM to SRX, snmpv3 anthentication password and privacy password will be changed.

In my working configuration for NSM and SRX 240H / 1400 Cluster, the configuration looks like below:
root@fw-srx-1> show configuration snmp
v3 {
    usm {
        local-engine {
            user SRXAES {
                authentication-md5 {
                    authentication-key "$9$cOJSKMWLxNbs8LUjq.zF9ApuIEM8Xx-VvM4aJGq.Tz390BhSrlM836evW8dVP5TCuO1EhrOB-VYgJZ69CApBlKM-bsKv4aZUHkBIRcevdbsY4aSr8boa/CAtu1SyKW87vMX-bs4oJGDk5Q9ApREyk.hSreXxk5Qn/9pOBE3nA0O1hcYg4oDi"; ## SECRET-DATA
                }
                privacy-aes128 {
                    privacy-key "$9$4yaZjq.53/CmPF/CtIRNdVsoJDik.mTZGp01IcSM8XNds4oGDHqvWUjqmTQevM8dbYgojk.4oz369OBX7N-s2JZjPfz.muOBIrlLxNdVYgoDkY2QF6/tpM8Lx7VY2aGjHaJUH.PQzEcSl8XVwYaGDsYoGiH5T369pIErev7dbuONdbYoan/9AtO"; ## SECRET-DATA
                }
            }
        }
    }
    vacm {
        security-to-group {
            security-model usm {
                security-name SRXAES {
                    group readonly;
                }
            }
        }
        access {
            group readonly {
                default-context-prefix {
                    security-model usm {
                        security-level privacy {
                            read-view view_all;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
engine-id {
    local 109849;
}
view view_all {
    oid 1 include;
}
client-list snmpclient {
    10.1.1.11/31;
    0.0.0.0/0 {
        restrict;
    }
}


Step 2: PRTG Configuration


PRTG can be easily integrated into your network monitoring system and execute comprehensive monitoring tasks. Also , alerting feature is quite flexible to meet your organization needs. Even one normal windows server can monitoring thousands of sensors without problem.

For SNMPv3 configuration in the PRTG, right click edit pop up menu at  root properties of Device tab, enter the snmpv3 information:

Then you can add your network devices with inherited configuration. All new device will get same snmpv3 configuration.

Step 3: Add SNMP Custom Sensor

Following instruction on the screen to add sensor for your network devices, you will need to pick SNMP category's SNMP Custom type sensor.

In the basic sensor settings, the most important thing is OID values. You will need to know exact OID number to make your own monitoring sensor in the PRTG.

Lets go back to our SRX firewall to find out what the temperature SNMP mib oid is:

Show snmp mib walk 1.3.6.1.4.1 | match temp

we are able to find out a couple of values for temperature:
jnxOperatingTemp.9.1.0.0 = 50
jnxOperatingTemp.9.2.0.0 = 49
jnxFruTemp.9.1.0.0 = 50
jnxFruTemp.9.1.1.0 = 50
jnxFruTemp.9.2.0.0 = 48
jnxFruTemp.9.2.1.0 = 48
From Show Chassis Routing-Engine, there are different type of temperature for cpu and chassis , also for different node if it is cluster configuration.
root@fw-srx-1> show chassis routing-engine
node0:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Engine status:
    Temperature                 50 degrees C / 122 degrees F
    CPU temperature             49 degrees C / 120 degrees F

    Total memory              1024 MB Max   850 MB used ( 83 percent)
      Control plane memory     560 MB Max   493 MB used ( 88 percent)
      Data plane memory        464 MB Max   362 MB used ( 78 percent)
    CPU utilization:
      User                       7 percent
      Background                 0 percent
      Kernel                     5 percent
      Interrupt                  0 percent
      Idle                      87 percent
    Model                          RE-SRX240H
    Serial ID                      AAEP4868
    Start time                     2015-01-18 13:24:42 UTC
    Uptime                         38 days, 8 hours, 29 minutes, 47 seconds
    Last reboot reason             0x200:normal shutdown
    Load averages:                 1 minute   5 minute  15 minute
                                       0.16       0.44       0.46
node1:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Routing Engine status:
    Temperature                 48 degrees C / 118 degrees F
    CPU temperature             50 degrees C / 122 degrees F

    Total memory              1024 MB Max   696 MB used ( 68 percent)
      Control plane memory     560 MB Max   336 MB used ( 60 percent)
      Data plane memory        464 MB Max   357 MB used ( 77 percent)
    CPU utilization:
      User                       5 percent
      Background                 0 percent
      Kernel                     3 percent
      Interrupt                  0 percent
      Idle                      92 percent
    Model                          RE-SRX240H
    Serial ID                      AAEK3334
    Start time                     2015-02-15 16:05:14 UTC
    Uptime                         10 days, 5 hours, 49 minutes, 24 seconds
    Last reboot reason             0x200:normal shutdown
    Load averages:                 1 minute   5 minute  15 minute
                                       0.06       0.08       0.08
Next step is to find out OID from online website OID database , such as http://oid-info.com/ or Solarwinds SNMP Center:
From the database search result, it shows jnxOperatingTemp = 1.3.6.1.4.1.2636.3.1.13.1.7
In this case, jnxOperatingTemp.9.2.0.0 is 1.3.6.1.4.1.2636.3.1.13.1.7.9.2.0.0. That is exactly OID we need for this monitoring. 

Step 4. Create email alarm

After checked the thresholds for temperature as shown in below, we will build an alarm email.
root@fw-srx-1> show chassis temperature-thresholds
node0:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Fan speed      Yellow alarm      Red alarm      Fire Shutdown
                          (degrees C)      (degrees C)     (degrees C)      (degrees C)
Item                     Normal  High   Normal  Bad fan   Normal  Bad fan     Normal
Chassis default              35    45       50       40       75       65      100
Routing Engine               35    45       50       40       75       65      100
node1:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
                           Fan speed      Yellow alarm      Red alarm      Fire Shutdown
                          (degrees C)      (degrees C)     (degrees C)      (degrees C)
Item                     Normal  High   Normal  Bad fan   Normal  Bad fan     Normal
Chassis default              35    45       50       40       75       65      100
Routing Engine               35    45       50       40       75       65      100
Based on this Object Triggers set up, once the JnxOperatingTemp sensor's value is above 51 for 60 seconds, an email will be sent out to admin.

Reference:



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